In the Know: STI – Sexually Transmitted Infection Presentation Display

SKU: SP-PH100-BAN
  • Identifies who’s at risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • Suggests regular testing for STIs.
  • Provides statistics about STI acquisition.
  • Explains the symptoms of 8 common STIs.
  • Details the method of transmission of these STIs.
  • Notes the treatment options available.
  • Describes the possible complications.
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Description

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are far more common than most people believe. The CDC estimates that there are 110 million people in the U.S. with an STI. Every year, 20 million people acquire an STI and about half of these are young men and women. The key to reducing these alarming numbers is education and awareness. This STI presentation display is very effective in communicating the need to engage in safer sex or to practice abstinence.

The STI display begins by noting that there are over 30 different types of parasites, bacteria, and viruses that cause STIs. Anyone who is sexually active puts themselves at risk for contracting an STI, even if they engage in safer sex by using a condom. The only way to be 100% safe from STIs is by practicing abstinence.

STIs are usually spread through sexual contact and sex, including oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Some STIs can even be spread by skin-to-skin contact, even if the skin does not appear to be infected. Individuals who are sexually active should be tested for STIs at least once a year.

Every day, over 1 million people in the world acquire an STI and every year, 500 million people acquire one of four STIs: chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, or trichomoniasis. Many of these STIs are spread because the carriers are unaware of the infection. Case in point, over 1 million in people in the U.S. have HIV, but almost 16% of them are unaware that they’re infected.

Both chlamydia and gonorrhea may have no symptoms, especially in women. But if symptoms do present, they may include genital or anal discharge, painful urination, vaginal bleeding between periods, joint pain, or rash. These infections are spread through unprotected sex or sexual contact. If contracted, they are treatable with antibiotics. Complications may arise from chlamydia and gonorrhea, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), sterility, tubal pregnancy, or infected testicles.

Genital herpes is another common STI and one that my show no symptoms. However, symptoms may include itching and genital pain, flu-like symptoms, and painful sores or bumps in the genital or anal area. It’s transmitted through unprotected sex or sexual contact. And unfortunately, there is no cure. The symptoms can be treated with medication, but the sores may repeatedly reappear. Having genital herpes also increases the risk of developing cervical cancer.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) often has no symptoms or it may present as bumpy growths in the genital or anal area. It is spread through unprotected sex or sexual contact. This infection is also incurable. Its symptoms can be treated with medication and there is a vaccine that’s available for adolescents and young adults. Those with HPV have an increased risk of developing cervical and other types of cancer. They may also experience continual outbreaks of genital warts.

Syphilis is an STI that is easily treatable by antibiotics in its early stages. Initial symptoms include painless sores on the mouth, genitals, or anus. If it’s left untreated, additional symptoms like rash, flu-like symptoms, and weight loss will develop. In the late stage of syphilis, paralysis, brain damage, blindness, and death may occur. Unprotected sex or sexual contact is the culprit in transmission.

Individuals infected with trichomoniasis may exhibit no symptoms or they may experience painful urination or genital discharge, itching, or inflammation. This infection is transmitted by unprotected sex or sexual contact, but it can be treated with antibiotics. Trichomoniasis increases the risk of getting and spreading another STI.

HIV and AIDS are two infections that may not present symptoms for months or years. Even if someone is asymptomatic, the diseases can still be spread. When symptoms do appear, they include severe flu-like symptoms, weight loss, and purplish spots on the skin. Individuals may acquire HIV/AIDS through unprotected sex or sexual contact or by sharing IV drug needles. There is no cure for HIV or AIDS, but antiretroviral therapy can slow the disease. Complications may include extreme weight loss, nausea, headaches, seizures, a heightened risk for developing bacterial infections, cancer, and pneumonia.

Individuals who choose to be sexually active should take precautions. Condoms should be used for every sex act. Mutual monogamy helps to reduce the risk of acquiring an STI, as does the HPV vaccine. And finally, individuals should engage in sex only when sober to ensure they’re exercising good judgment.

The STI presentation display concludes by noting that you can live long and live well with good sexual health.

To see a full PDF version of this STI presentation display, click the Instant Preview tab above.

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If you like this STI presentation display, you may also like the matching presentation card!

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Weight10 oz
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